Sunday, 31 July 2011

Explore the Exotic of Bunaken Marine Park - Indonesia

Bunaken is an island covering an area of ​​8.08 km ² in Manado Bay, located on the northern island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. This island is part of the city of Manado, the provincial capital of North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Bunaken island can be traveled by speed boat (speed boat) or a rented boat with about 30 minute trip from the port city of Manado. Bunaken Island Around Bunaken marine park there which is part of the Bunaken National Park.

Bunaken National Park is representative of Indonesian tropical water ecosystems consisting of mangrove ecosystems, seagrass beds, coral reefs and coastal ecosystems. In the northern part of the island are Bunaken Island, Manado Tua Island, Montehage Island, Siladen Island, Nain Island, Small Nain (Nain Kecil) island, and some coastal areas of Cape Pisok (Tanjung Pisok). While in the southern Cape include some Coconut Coast.

This marine park has a marine biodiversity one of the highest in the world. Bunaken National Park is one of the world's most beautiful marine park. Most of the coastal areas of mangrove forests and white sand. There is a sea of hard and soft coral reefs, steep rock walls with various shapes and colors of the sea. Recorded 13 genera of corals living in waters of Bunaken National Park, dominated by fringing reefs and coral reef barrier. Approximately 91 species of fish found in the waters of Bunaken National Park, including gusumi horse (Hippocampus horse), white OCI (Seriola rivoliana), yellow tail lolosi (Lutjanus kasmira), goropa (Ephinephelus spilotoceps hypselosoma), ila trunk (Scolopsis bilineatus), and others. Types of mollusks like giant clams (Tridacna gigas), head of the goat (Cassis cornuta), hollow nautilus (Nautilus pompillius) and tunikates / ascidian

Scuba diving attracts many visitors to the island. Bunaken marine park has 20 point dive (dive spot) with varying depths of up to 1344 meters. From 20 points dive, 12 points located around Bunaken Island. Twelve point of diving is the most frequently visited by divers and underwater scenery lovers. Most of the 12 point dive in Bunaken Island lined up from the southeast to the northwest of the island. In this region there is a great underwater walls, also called the hanging walls, or walls of the giant rock that stands vertically and curved upward. The wall rock is also a food source for fish in the waters around the island

Office: Jl. Raya Molas 1202
Manado 95242, Sulawesi Utara
Telp./Fax.: (0431) 859022
E-mail :


Spirit On The Peak Of Kelimutu

Kelimutu is a volcano located on the island of Flores, East Nusa Tenggara Province (NTT). Location of the mountain at Pemo village, District Flores, Ende. At the top of the mountain there are three lakes with different colors of red, blue and white. Kelimutu included in the series of Kelimutu national parks - Flores. The lake is located at an altitude of 1631 asl with an area of ​​three lakes are approximately 1.051 million meters square and  1292 million cubic of water. Boundary between the lake only a very steep wall with a 70-degree angle. Wall height of the lake ranges from 50-150 meters.

Kelimutu was found by Van Suchtelen, Dutch government officials in 1915. The lake is known after Romo Bouman publish articles about Kelimutu. This volcanic lake is considered magical and mysterious, because the three color lake is changing with the passage of time. Flores is originally knowed had three colors, namely red, white and blue. And now it turns into black, green and brown. Some circles suspect discoloration of water in the lake caused by Kelimutu volcanic activity, refracting the sunlight, the water microbiota, the occurrence of dissolved chemical substances, as well as due to the reflection color of the walls and bottom of the lake. Locals believe that the color change indicates the natural phenomena that will occur as the volcano erupted, the landslides and other natural disasters.

Flores is one of mainstay attractions Flores. To reach the lake that located approximately 51 kilometers east of the town of Ende, the tourists can use the vehicle or by bus from Ende. Kelimutu landscape is very fascinating. Thick white mist moving slowly covered the summit of Kelimutu and on the way to the tourist attraction, you can see the stunning natural scenery. Cover rice and thick trees are very cool to be enjoyed. To see the tops of Kelimutu, there are several options, that is on foot, horseback riding, rent a bike and car hire.

After you enjoy natural scenery of three color of Kelimutu, you can enjoy hot spring baths. You can find some hot springs which is very refreshing at around Moni. If you want to see the traditional house of Flores people, you can visit Ngala, Jopu or Wolowaru village. Local custom home built towering, cone-roofed, form the bottom of the similar houses on stilts that are not too high from the ground. To get into the house, they use the stairs. On the inside roof of this cone there is a platform where sacred objects, including bones of their ancestors saved.

Larantuka and Maumere is the starting point of the spread of the Catholic religion by Portuguese missionaries. 400 years ago the Portuguese missionaries first entered in Maumere, one of the Portuguese heritage is an old church that still stands majestically  in tSikha village. Seminary Ledalero with museums is a testament to the strong influence of the Catholic religion in Maumere public life. The long journey Flores history can be traced from the various collections they have. Various collection of ikat (traditional cloth) with a motif that is now no longer being produced can be found in this museum.

Saturday, 30 July 2011

Promote Indonesia Tourism

Indonesia is an international tourist destination that offers many tourist attractions. All the islands in Indonesia have a lot of exotic places to invite tourists to come. The responsibility of maintenance, development and promotion is not just given to the Tourism Department of Indonesia, but all elements of society should participate in it. Programs that refer to this has been implemented. One is an annual program known as VISIT INDONESIA YEAR. Each year the Tourism Department of  Indonesia using a different theme.

Attenttion to the development of tourism in recent years is not satisfactory and only focus on a few locations like Bali, Lombok, Yogyakarta and other places. Though many places  perhaps more nice and charming to be promoted. Indeed, participation of all parties engaged in tourism should support each other to optimize the promotion of Indonesia tourism. Promotion to the global media can be used as one means of proper promotion. Although the budget for promotion is not easy but if we see the development of tourism in Indonesia, especially to introduce places that so far only targeted the domestic tourists, it would be better.

With this blog, I will exploit and introduce the attractions that have been rarely promoted. With all the limitations, I want to optimize this blog as one of Indonesia tourism promotion media. All criticism and your suggestions will be very useful for me to develop this blog. For those of you who want to share stories about your experiences when traveling to Indonesia or you want to contribute by writing travel articles about Indonesia, you can fill out the form provided. And all it would really help me and the readers and enrich the contents of this blog.

With all due respect and a lot of hope to introduce many attractions in Indonesia, I dedicate this blog

Sunday, 24 July 2011

Denomination In Indonesia

Denomination in Indonesia has two types, ie coins and banknotes. Denomination for coins are 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 rupiahs. And fractions for banknotes are 100, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000, 10,000, 20,000, 50,000 and 100,000 rupiahs.

Money Tip When Traveling To Indonesia

Once you get service when in a hotel, restaurant or other public places, you would usually give a tip to the waiter who served you. Tipping is usually given in Indonesia ranges from 10,000 to 50,000 rupiah.

Dont Forget the Medicine When Traveling

prepare medicines as needed before you travel. You can buy first aid kit that already contains the equipment and drugs that you can use for first aid. If you are still in treatment or you have certain illnesses, make sure you have consulted with doctors who deal with your disease and find information about the hospital or doctor at your travel destination.

Bring an Electrical Socket Converter

Electrical Socket
Make sure you bring a converter outlet if you are traveling, because the type of electrical sockets in each country is not necessarily same. Indonesia uses an electric socket with type 2 circular hole with a 220 volt electric tension. you can prepare to buy at the electric appliances store in your city.

Tuesday, 12 July 2011

Indonesia Tourism Guide - Unity In Diversity

Indonesia Tourism Guide 

Indonesia is a country full of diversity cultural, racial, ethnic and natural wealth. Indonesia called as an archipelagic country because of its territory consisting of many separate islands in the group of islands extending from most parts of Indonesia. Region which consists mainly of marine or aquatic with a variety of wealth in it makes a lot of tourists come to enjoy it. Beautiful Cluster of coral reefs tempting for underwater tourism. Various ornamental fish species and a lot of species of fish consumption into a commodity  for Indonesia. 
Located in the tropical climate caused Indonesia has many forests with various types of exotic plants and animals that are rarely found in other regions. The reserve is provided in several areas to protect rare animals and plants threatened with extinction. Tropical rain forest dominated much of the archipelago of Indonesia such as Sumatra, Kalimantan and Irian Jaya.

Cluster lined mountains stretching from west to east Indonesia. Being in the collision between the Indo-Australian plates, Eurasia and the Pacific make the southern part of Indonesia there are many active volcanoes are up till now many researchers are interested to explore.

Cultural tourism is the hallmark that you can enjoy a variety of unique and harmony in it. Population consisting of many tribes and ethnic make Indonesia is rich in culture and  arts. Characteristics of each tribe there, its diverse culture makes Indonesia so dazzle and captivate.

On the basis of "Bhineka Tunggal Ika", which means national unity a key unifying all races and ethnicities in Indonesia.

Borobudur The Greatest Temple In The World

Borobudur temple is the name of a Buddhist temple located in Magelang, Central Java. Location of the temple is approximately 100 km southwest of Semarang and 40 km northwest of Yogyakarta. Borobudur temple is a very great historical sites and dashing. Many domestic and foreign tourists come to enjoy the splendor of State. Borobudur Temple does have a uniqueness and characteristics. Sculptures and carvings that exist at every level has its own value.

History Of Borobudur Temple
Borobudur was built around the year 800 AD or the 9th century. Borobudur was built by the adherents of Mahayana Buddhism during the reign of Syailendra dynasty. Borobudur Temple was founded by King Samaratungga from Syailendra dynasty. The possibility of this temple was built around 824 AD and was completed around the year 900 AD during the reign of Queen Pramudawardhani who is the daughter of Samaratungga. While the architects who contributed to build this temple according to the story of hereditary named Gunadharma.

The word Borobudur is based on the first written evidence written by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, Governor General of the United Kingdom in Java, which gives the name of this temple. There is no written evidence that older who named Borobudur. Only one of the oldest documents that show the existence of this temple is Nagarakretagama book, written by mpu Prapanca in 1365. In the book is written that this temple was used as a place of Buddhist meditation.
Meaning of the name Borobudur is "monastery in the hills", which comes from the word "bara" (temple or monastery) and "beduhur" (hills or high places) in Sanskrit. Therefore, in accordance with the meaning of the name Borobudur, then this place long ago used as a place of Buddhist worship.

Since volcanic eruptions, most of the Borobudur buildings covered with volcanic soil. In addition, the building is also covered with various trees and shrubs for centuries. Then the building of this temple began in the days of forgotten Islam arrived in Indonesia around the 15th century.

In 1814 when the British occupied Indonesia, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles heard of the discovery of huge archaeological objects in the Bumisegoro village of Magelang. Due to the great interest the history of Java, then immediately ordered Raffles HC Cornelius, a Dutch engineer, to investigate the location of the discovery which was a hill covered with shrubs.

Cornelius assisted by about 200 men cut trees and remove shrubs that covered the giant building. Because the building considering the already fragile and could collapse, then report to the Raffles Cornelius invention includes several images. Since that discovery, Raffles was awarded as the man who started the restoration of Borobudur and the attention of the world. In 1835, the entire area of ​​the temple has been unearthed. The temple is kept restored in the Dutch colonial period.

After Indonesia gained its independence, in 1956, the Indonesian government requested the assistance of UNESCO to examine the damage to Borobudur. Then in 1963, out of the official Indonesian government's decision to conduct the restoration of Borobudur temple with the help of UNESCO. However, this restoration was only really started on August 10, 1973. The process of restoration was recently completed in 1984. Since 1991, Borobudur designated as World Heritage or World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Level Structure Of Borobudur Temple

Borobudur Building shaped punden staircase consists of 10 levels, measuring 123 x 123 meters. Height of 42 meters and 34.5 meters before it was renovated after the renovation because the lowest level was used as a drag. This Buddhist temple has 1460 relief panels and 504 Buddha effigies in the complex. Six lowest level of a square and two upper circular form, and the highest level in the form of Buddhist stupa facing to the west.

Each level represents the stages of human life. Corresponding schools of Mahayana Buddhism, every person who wants to reach the level of the Buddha should be through every level of life.

Kamadhatu: the base of Borobudur, symbolizing the human are still bound by lust.
Rupadhatu: four levels on it, symbolizing human beings that have set themselves free from lust but still tied to appearance and shape. At that level, a statue of Buddha placed open.
Arupadhatu: three levels above where the Buddhist stupa placed in the holes. It symbolizes man who had been free from lust, appearance, and shape.
Arupa: the top that symbolizes nirvana, where Buddha is residing.

Each level has reliefs that will be read coherently run clockwise (towards the left of the entrance of the temple). In the reliefs of Borobudur tells of a legendary story, a variety of story content, among others, there are reliefs of the Hindu epic Ramayana, there are also reliefs Jataka stories. In addition, there are relief panels describing the condition of society at that time. For example, relief of farmers' activity reflecting the advance of agriculture system and relief of sailing boat representing the advance of shipping at that time centered on Bergotta (Semarang).

All relief panels in Borobudur temple reflect the Buddha's teachings. A Buddhist from India named Atisha, the 10th century once visited this temple that was built 3 centuries before Angkor Wat in Cambodia and 4 centuries before the Grand Cathedrals in Europe. Thanks to visiting Borobudur and having the script of Serlingpa Buddhism (one of the King of Sriwijaya), Atisha was able to develop Buddhism. He became head Vikramasila monastery and taught Tibetans of practicing Dharma. Six manuscripts of Serlingpa was condensed into a core doctrine called "The Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment" or better known by the name Bodhipathapradipa.

Borobudur Temple Building Material 

Borobudur is the second largest temple after Ankor Wat temple in Cambodia. Borobudur Temple building area 15,129 m2, composed of 55,000 m3 of rock, from 2 million pieces of rocks. Average stone size 25 cm x 10 cm x 15 cm. Overall length of cut stone 500 km with a total weight of 1.3 million tons of stone. The walls of Borobudur Temple surrounded by pictures or reliefs which are a series of stories that made ​​up the panel in 1460. The length of each panel 2 meters. If the series of reliefs that stretched the length of the approximately 3 km of relief entirely. The number of levels there are ten, 1-6 levels of a square, while the 70-10 round. Arca found throughout the temple buildings totaling 504 units. High temple of the soil surface until the end of the main stupa was 42 meters, 34.5 meters but now lives after being struck by lightning.
According to the investigation of an anthropologist, ethnologist Austria, Robert von Heine Geldern, ancestor of the Indonesian people are familiar with grammar and culture in the Neolithic period Megalithic originating from South Vietnam and Cambodia. In ancient Megalithic that the ancestors of Indonesia to make the tomb of his ancestors as well as a place of worship tiered pyramid building, getting to the top gets smaller. One was found in Lebak Sibedug Leuwiliang Bogor West Java. Similar buildings are also found in Sukuh near Solo, Borobudur Temple also. If we look from a distance, Borobudur will look like a staircase or a similar arrangement of building the pyramids and a stupa. Unlike the giant pyramids in Egypt and the Pyramids of Teotihuacan in Mexico Borobudur is another version of pyramid building. Borobudur pyramid form kepunden staircase will not be found in the region and any country, including in India. This is one of the advantages of Borobudur temple which is a typical Buddhist architecture in Indonesia.

Vesak (Waisak) Celebration at Borobudur
Every year on the full moon in May (or June in leap years), Buddhists in Indonesia to commemorate Vesak (waisak) at Borobudur. Vesak is celebrated as the day of birth, death and the time when Siddhartha Gautama obtain the highest wisdom to become the Buddha Shakyamuni. The third event is called Vesak Trisuci. Vesak ceremony centered on three Buddhist temples by walking from the Mendut to Pawon and ends at Borobudur.
On the eve of Vesak, particularly during peak moment of full moon, Buddhists gathered around Borobudur. At that time, Borobudur is believed to be a gathering place of supernatural power. According to belief, during Vesak, the Buddha will appear in a look at the top of the mountain in the south.

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